Bermuda grass actually originated in Africa, despite its name, and has become the most widely used lawn grass variety in warmer U.S. climates. With regular maintenance and care, it creates a beautiful, durable surface, making it a favorite for athletic fields and golf courses, as well as countless Southern lawns.
In addition to common Bermuda, many premium varieties are available, including TifTuf™, TifWay 419, TifGrand® and TifSport, each designed to enhance specific attributes. Visit our Bermuda Varieties page to explore the highest performing varieties of Bermuda in more detail.
Bermuda is often chosen for its ability to tolerate heat and rebound from drought, which helps it survive hot, dry Southern summers. The grass turns golden brown during winter dormancy and is not well suited for cold climates with harsh winters.
Bermuda grass can thrive in a wide variety of soil types, from sandy conditions to clay, making it a popular choice throughout our region. It spreads through stolons and rhizomes (horizontal stems above and below ground) and sends up vertical stems topped with four or five flat green blades.
Bermuda grows more rapidly than other warm season grasses, requiring regular maintenance, but the dense structure of the grass allows it to restore itself quickly, bouncing back from heavy use.
Bermuda care and maintenance
It’s not difficult to care for Bermuda grass in Georgia, but follow these general tips to keep your lawn healthy and beautiful. Note, however, that certain varieties may require more specific guidelines.
Most Bermuda grass performs best in predominantly sunny areas, although some varieties have been cultivated for shade tolerance.
Water 1″ per week, including rainfall. Over or under watering and watering at the wrong time of day can harm your lawn. Water in the morning before the dew dries to keep your lawn healthy.
It’s important to periodically remove the brown thatch at the soil surface to deter pests and diseases.
Poking holes in the soil creates more room for air, water and roots, promoting growth.
Mowing height is usually recommended at 1″ to 1-1/2″, cutting no more than 1/3 of the total height with one mowing.
Apply nitrogen fertilizer twice a year, May through August, and test your lawn every other year to detect nutrient deficiencies and maintain balanced soil.
Weed and pest control
Use products recommended by NG Turf or your local Extension Office for your area.